Today’s Diary Entry is sponsored by Pets Bureau
Well second day of my second year, yesterday though long absolutely flew by, I’m also spending some time with one of the doctors this week doing some reproductive practice. Basically with animals it is now more common to use artificial insemination to breed selectively for optimal results, part of this looking for ovulation when the ovary releases the follicle(egg) into the uterus (womb). This means that at the moment I am basically with the doctor every 7 hours to check the status of the ovary – this is a pretty big (and interesting) topic so I will write more about it separately soon!
Anyways back to my official programme… Today I started the Clinical Diagnostics module which is kind of interesting as these are the essential skills of being a vet, and one of the topics where I’ve not found a single textbook covering it all. I’ve done a little bit in the past, and have gained a lot more skills here during my study and practice in the summer as well so today kind of was a recap of stuff I already knew, however I was looking forward to the practice session which was later this evening.
Between this though I had a large gap before my Pharmacy and Therapeutics which I used to check the horse ovaries again. Making it into Pharmacy 7 Therapeutics now I realise that though it is essential to understand some stuff, a lot of it is specific to Slovakia, and hence once I graduate will not be of use to me. However the interesting part of it is that available drugs are controlled on a country basis with each country having an official pharmacopoeia which is a big manual of drugs. Basically drugs are even further restricted within the UK with something known as the cascade which is managed by the Veterinary Medicines Directorate. This means that every option has to be exhausted before a drug that is not approved for the species can be used (including for the use of drugs developed for humans). It really is something I will be having to read up myself before coming back to the UK to practice.
Now following this we started Nutrition, as I said yesterday we are looking at applied nutrition so how to calculate what and how much to feed to specific animals. We’ve started with dairy cows (which I luckily happen to know a little bit about) where the goal with nutrition is to get the best milk production possible. If you remember last year I studied Milk Hygiene where milk quality is based on the amount of milk fat and protein content within the milk. In addition to the owner the quantity of milk is also important. Now nothing appears from nowhere so these are both affected by what the cow eats so we need to ensure that the protein in the milk is replaced in the cow through the protein in the feed (otherwise we will get a very malnourished cow pretty quickly).
To start this process we need to determine how much protein, energy and nutrients (milk has a lot of calcium and phosphate) that the cow actually needs to produce the milk whilst maintaining its body condition. This is easier than it sounds as we have very good guidelines produced by the National Research Council which are compiled from large research surveys. So once we have this we then have to look at the types of feed, balancing this however is a different matter and definitely something I will also cover separately later as well.
This evening my last practice starting at 5:25 and finishing at 7pm was clinical diagnostics, this was interesting as walking into the room we were greeted by two cows, a sheep, a goat, and two dogs. The practical today was working with the animals, how to restrain them for exam and then percussion and auscultation. These are something that I will try and cover later as well as I am pretty much over my word count today with my rambling!