A Vet Students Christmas…

Puppy on oxygen

Today’s DIary is for every single person that has helped me to get here, thank you so much for your support and encouragement!

Merry Christmas everyone, it’s been a while and I have been very bad finishing my diary entries (really difficult to find time at the moment).

For some reason even though the university is not doing emergency cover over the Christmas holiday they are running reduced clinic hours with a single doctor on duty. I’ve been around the past few days as I am going be studying either way so I can sit in my room alone, or sit in clinic and study and be there to help if needed. It’s pretty difficult to do a lot of things alone so even my vet student hands can be useful.

So in the same as in the past few days I’ve gone in, most of our wound management patients are finished by 10, and so I start to study and the doctor gets on with marking exam papers. I’m finding this pretty interesting as seeing the same patients every day over a longer period I can see the daily changes in the wound healing. This is something very useful as a lot of wounds look very scary, and a lot of the time when graduating people do not have the confidence to treat these conservatively so its good experience to get.

Anyways the clocks ticking towards close when at 11:15 there is the sound of the door opening, going to the waiting room we have a collapsed dog being carried in the owners arms with blood dribbling from the mouth. We get this onto the table, and start stabilisation placing a cannula during which we notice the blood is very dark almost heading towards brown in colour.

Less than 3 minutes later there is another knock on the door, I check this whilst the doctor continues with stabilisation. My biggest problem here is still communication as my Slovak language skills are still very poor, however seeing a puppy with obvious respiratory distress I swap patients with the doctor. Now with stabilisation the basics are very important, and being basics are within my capabilities so I am dealing with shock. I get vitals measured, IV fluids running, and then as the temperature is low start warming the patient as well. Performing a clinical exam and with the blood colour in mind we are thinking it is an intoxication of some kind of poison (potentially a rodenticide), so we call internal medicine to send this patient that direction.

There is then another knock on the door with a collapsed rabbit that has had ongoing problems, on a quick exam the first thing I notice is the lack of temperature. It’s winter here and outside temperature has to be around 0-1 degrees, yet the rabbit is in an open basket with just a blanket to sit on. Sometimes I think owners are lucky I cannot speak Slovak (yet), however I set about trying to get the temperature of this rabbit up whilst knowing that being exposed to the cold like this may have killed them. (Please if bringing animals to a vet in WINTER make sure that will be kept WARM!!!)

The doctor on internal medicine duty (who is alone as well) arrives with a cat patient that needs xray for not eating for several days to rule out foreign bodies or neoplasia or torsions etc. My surgery doctor vanishes to do the xray whilst I monitor the 3 patients that have all appeared in the past 15 minutes. After this the internal doctor takes the intoxication patient back to the internal clinic, along with the cat. I take the rabbit which has really bad problems, clean the abscesses and give as much in the way of fluids, antibiotics and pain meds as possible.

This patient then leaves which means we have only the puppy left to deal with. Now this puppy is only 3 months so we are trying to avoid the radiation from x-raying it because it is still growing pretty fast which means we could cause big problems in cell replication from the xray. However we do suspect that it has a pneumothorax from listening to the chest and have it stabilised on oxygen therapy. It needs to be hospitalised in either case so the owners fill the forms and then leave. As it is so small we have a discussion about the management, and decide against the surgical draining of air from the chest with thoracocentesis due to the risks here from the size of the patient (really bad risks here especially on something so small). We choose the conservative treatment route here and reduce the respiration rate using medication, and keep the patient on 100% oxygen and warm.

It’s now 3 hours after we were supposed to close… Merry Christmas

How is rabbit food made?

Inside a rabbit pet food factory

Today’s Diary Entry is sponsored by Pet Webinars

A while back I happened to be at BSAVA at the same time as the Technical Manager for Supreme Petfoods, knowing very little about pet food manufacturing at this point in time I decided to ask as many questions as I could. Now I am going to try and explain the process (at least at Supreme Petfoods) to you!

Starting at the beginning of the process we have to consider the type of formulation process used. There are generally two types here:

  • Fixed formulation – Now fixed formulation is simply that, it means that every single time the food is made with the same ingredients. Take for example cranberry’s, if the formula says that 1kg of cranberrys should be used then 1kg of cranberrys is used. It doesn’t matter about the market price of the ingredient, if the cranberrys cost £1 or £10 they are still used in the same amount.
  • Dynamic (nutrient based) formulation – Now dynamic formulation is all about the end nutritional value of the food. This means that it just so long as the end nutritional values are correct whatever ingredients it takes to get there are used. Generally this could mean the cheapest possible ingredients are used, there is actually computer software that will calculate the recipe based on the cheapest prices at that point in time.

Now Supreme Petfoods use fixed formulation, this means that every time you buy a new packet of food it is exactly the same as the last time you brought that food. The upside to this is your rabbits not looking at you crazy for giving them a different food.

All these ingredients are then processed (whether it be by grinding or cutting) before they are all mixed together. This is then passed into something called an extruder, its basically a big machine that will squeeze the food out through a die for the correct shape and cut it into the correct sizes… Kinda like one of the old play dough machines but on an industrial scale.

This will then pass into a drying tower which will remove the moisture from the food using heat and time, before it then passes into a cooling tower to allow it to return to room temperature before then heading to a packing line where it is sealed in bags ready for distribution.

End of the week, time for sleep (Day 576)

Buffy the Rabbit

Today’s Diary Entry is sponsored by Pet Webinars

I really am exhausted now, today I just have a general surgery lecture and tons of catching up on reading that I missed last week whilst I was away! I also need to go in twice today to do my wound cleaning on my rabbit patient. The wound is looking great and there is loads of eating, drinking and pooping as well so for the moment I am very happy. I think I will be removing the drain on Monday as well!

Buffy the Rabbit

When I am exhausted and get a moment I like to just sit down and relax, and one of my favourite places to do this is with the horses. So I was sitting here when I was asked if I could monitor a short anaesthetic for the removal of a growth from a dogs lip. Now the pulse-ox had flat batteries so I basically became the all in one monitoring machine so the doctor could concentrate on the surgery. This surgery went perfect and the patient was awake and walking out just a short  30 minutes later.

Now I intend to get some sleep!