Which Pets Best

Best Pet Guide

If you have decided to get a pet, for companionship, for the kids, or just because you’d like to have one, then there are certain things you need to consider otherwise you could end up with the wrong pet for you and your circumstances. Don’t jump into anything just because you feel something at the local pet store looks cute.You might just bite off more than you can chew. Be considerate, because it isn’t just you that will be affected but the innocent animal too. These tips can help you make the appropriate decisions, you may have already considered some of them which is great but check the other ones over and just in case you have missed anything, they can jog your memory and help you think of things you may have forgotten.

In the first instance you need to realise that having a pet is more than just giving it food. They are like people. Things go wrong, they need to be checked up on by professionals and you may need certain medications that cost money. Dogs are a prime example, they will likely need Advecta II for Dogs, as well as a whole glut of vaccinations and yearly check ups. Do you have the finances to check for this? Cats are the same. Needing vaccinations and checkups to ensure they stay healthy. Bear in mind these considerations before you commit to owning an animal.

You also need to check out your accommodation and whether it is right for the animals you want to keep there. For example, an apartment is likely not good for a cat. They like to be able to go out and range the local area on their own. They can’t do this from a few floors up. The space also provides problems for the bigger dogs. If you own a husky or German shepherd then it is going to be hard to find space for them in an apartment. Consider a smaller dog instead and ensure there is enough room for a bed or something similar for them to have their own space.

The most important thing to consider is whether you have the time to dedicate to the animal. If you are really busy all the time then a cat may be the right answer as they tend to need less company than dogs. Even so, they need some. So you could think about getting something else entirely like a lizard or snake, something small and easy to care for. A dog is a big no because some need two walks a day. If you don’t have the time to do this they will grow restless and irritable, and it will be your own fault. Be considerate and chose an animal that you can care for properly. It can be easier if your partner is willing to help, or your have kids who want a specific pet and can help with the walking of the dogs or sharing of affection. It can be easy to buy an animal without thinking, but remember the old saying, pets are for life not for christmas.

It’s Pup-Time! Do You Have Enough Time For A Dog?

Puppy running

Dogs are serious commitments. Not only will you be stuck with their beautiful, fluffy little faces for the next decade or so, but you’re giving a serious chunk of your time to them on a daily basis. If you’re living a seriously busy life, it can be harder to find the time to give your pup the attention and quality of life they deserve. If you think is a dog on the horizon, keep these time constraints in mind before you commit.

Regular checkups with the vet are essential to check your pup is running like a well-oiled machine, so you have to be at least able to commit to those trips. Then, be sure to add in the odd emergency trip for the time they accidentally-on-purpose decide to snack on a bee, or find their way into the secret chocolate stash. And then there is always the possibility that they might develop a health problem with requires even more regular treatment, which you would need to be able to find time for.

A dog doesn’t come ready trained, and it’s only with time and patience that you can help to mould your dog into the perfect companion. While they’re young, a couple of sessions at around 15 minutes each everyday is essential. And this needs keeping up even as they get older so they don’t get bored or start pushing boundaries.

Unlike cats, dog’s can’t self-groom. You’ll need to brush them anywhere between daily or weekly, depending on the breed, and they’ll need baths, hair trims, nail trims, and ear and eye cleaning. They’ll need de-worming, and to have the best flea and tick treatment administered to keep them healthy and safe. This can take a few hours every week, unless you’re willing to spend the money to outsource it to a professional groomer.

At the very least, dogs need two walks a day of at least 15 to 20 minutes each, although some breeds need far more. If you’re not at home most of the day, finding time to ensure your dog gets an appropriate amount of exercise can be tricky. When they’re under-exercised they get bored and destructive, frustrated and potentially aggressive, and it puts them at increased risk of obesity.

Chihuahua puppy playing

Dogs learn and socialise by playing. While it’s great for them to see other pups at the dog park, they also need to play with their humans – it’s even a great way to train them to respect you while you play. If you don’t have time to play, they’ll become bored and destructive, and your home will bear the brunt.

A dog needs love and affection. When you’re not around they can get seriously lonely – they are pack animals after all. So if you plan on leaving them crated for eight or nine hours while you’re at work, you should probably reconsider. They need company and cuddles in order to be happy.

Dogs aren’t just for cuddling in the evening when you get home from work, they need care day in, day out, and there’s a lot to do. If you don’t think you currently have time to give them the love they deserve, why not leave it a few years, and volunteer with a shelter in the meantime to get your cuddle fix?

No one died… Anaesthesia into the future

Anaesthesia monitoring into the future

When I first started learning about anaesthesia I was worried about if the patient would wake up or even survive the surgery. I was thinking about this today and realised that my thinking about anaesthesia has evolved since then. It used to be that I was grateful no one died when I was doing anaesthesia as that would be bad, I would have failed, and it would have taken a life because of my failure.

Today however I realised that it is not just enough that my patient survives any longer; it is how they survive that is more important. It is the quality of the anaesthesia, the maintenance of the depth of anaesthesia and the quality of the recovery from anaesthesia. All of these can be managed with an understanding of physiology, the effects of drugs, and with the correct monitoring. There are specialists in anaesthesia and whilst previously they mainly resided within universities there are many that are moving to private practices and referral hospitals. This means that the quality of anaesthesia is increasing – and in some places is done by specialists that only do anaesthesia which allows a higher standard to be provided.

Something that has always been a big problem here in Slovakia is maintaining temperature as the heating in the hospital is not great, the weather regularly drops below freezing in winter and we do not have warming blankets or systems apart from microwave heat pads which tend to go cold on a long surgery. In addition our monitor does not include an esophageal thermometer so we do not have any continuous monitoring of the body temperature once the patient is under drapes.

Once surgery finished instead of the recovery being as fast as it should the decreased body temperature and hypothermia increased the time that patients took to wake up. This was not so great for the patient however in terms for learning it was something that increased my experience and understanding of the physiology of the body system. It gave me experience in how quickly the temperature of an animal can change and the importance of body surface to volume ratio. Hopefully in the new surgical hospital now it will hopefully be less of a problem with new heating systems.

This is not the only factor that is important when it comes to anaesthesia, one of the things that I find important and I do not like to be without is a cannula which is an injection port into a vein. Normally I would also include fluids here at a low maintenance rate so that if I get problems I can then increase the fluid within the vascular system quickly in response.

It seems that things always come in bunches and so last week we had a few patients that had unwanted heart rhythms during their surgeries. Emergencies can and do occur and in this case from seeing the rhythm on the monitor it took just a minute to prepare the medications needed and get them into the patients because there was an IV cannula in place giving us access.

Thinking forwards I see anaesthesia becoming more about the big picture of pain management to ensure a smoother anaesthesia and recovery without the patient experiencing pain. And that is the entire point of anaesthesia – to allow operations without pain.